How to be a success by malcolm gladwell summary Takus / 06.04.202106.04.2021 Outliers Book Summary, by Malcolm Gladwell Dec 31, · Generally, one just needs to be smart enough to get a good education, hence earn more money and more experiences. Another ingredient of success is . In turn, the key argument is that talent is not a sufficient precondition for success. Instead, one should remember that there is a “minimum level of practice” which is vital for gaining expertise in a certain area of human activities (Gladwell 39). In the second chapter of his book Outliers: The Story of SuccessMalcolm Gladwell discusses the prerequisites, which are important for reaching success in various professional areas. In particular, this research carried out by other scholars indicates that the top musicians spend at least hours on practice before they are able to make significant breakthroughs in their career. Additionally, as they grow older, they gradually increase the amount of time that they spent on practice Gladwell A similar argument can be applied to famous chess players, composers, computer scientists, and other professionals. In other words, these individuals also spend about hours on practice before becoming experts Gladwell It should be kept in mind that the number of how to use baking soda to remove stains from clothes specified by the author is a very rough approximation. In turn, the key argument is that talent is not a sufficient precondition for success. So, much attention should be paid to the main strengths of this theory and its potential weaknesses. One can also say that the writer provides several eloquent examples showing that talent does not necessarily manifest itself immediately. For instance, the early works of Mozart cannot be really called masterpieces, but he was able to make significant progress with time passing. He created his greatest works after 20 years of composing Gladwell However, very few people know about this detail, even though many of them enjoy the works of this composer. Similar trends have been observed among other professionals, such as athletes how to be a success by malcolm gladwell summary become top-notch professionals only at a certain age. These cases should be taken into account because they demonstrate that many popular views on child prodigies and other gifted individuals are not based on facts. These examples are very convincing, but it is important to remember that the writer examines a very limited number of cases. Moreover, even the author admits that there are some counterexamples. For instance, one can mention the famous chess player, Bobby Fisher Gladwell Furthermore, this individual may eventually lose motivation. Overall, it is possible to mention how to be a success by malcolm gladwell summary important counterexamples. In particular, one cannot say that entrepreneurs always spend a specific number of hours on a certain activity before making considerable breakthroughs. For instance, it is possible to refer to such prominent entrepreneurs how to be a success by malcolm gladwell summary Bill Gates or Mark Zuckerberg. The stories of their gladwell highlight the importance of such skill as the ability to see emerging opportunities in the market. This skill is vital for designing new products or services. Moreover, educators often mention various talented individuals who did not make any considerable progress gladwelll they believed that only talent would be sufficient for success. This is one of the pitfalls that should be avoided by people who want to carve out a successful career, even if they do not intend to become world-class experts. Overall, it is possible to make several objections to the arguments made by the author. In particular, professional outcomes depend on various factors, and the number of hours spent on training is not the only one. For instance, malcokm attention should be paid to the learning efficiency of a person. Moreover, an individual should see how new knowledge can be used for practical purposes. Furthermore, much attention should be paid to the professional level of educators who profoundly shape the attitudes of learners, especially their motivation. Furthermore, teachers help students avoid many pitfalls, such as the study of irrelevant concepts or methods. This is one of the challenges faced by people who study independently. In turn, Malcolm Gladwell does not specify the what happens at your first pregnancy appointment of education on the development of a person. This is one of the limitations that should be taken into account. Intelligence is reflected in various cognitive abilities such as memory, analysis, problem-solving, planning activities, and so forth Stemberg Additionally, it can help people better develop new skills during education. Similarly, one should speak about various traits such as openness to changes or willingness to innovate. This attribute how to add friends on ubisoft a person can also shape the outcomes of education and ability of a person to achieve breakthroughs in various professional areas. For instance, this quality can significantly contribute to the success of entrepreneurs. This is one of the details that should be considered by the readers of this book. Moreover, one can argue that this author underestimates the importance of chance and luck. Certainly, Malcolm Gladwell mentions that many leading entrepreneurs in Silicon Valley reached the age of twenty at the time when consumer electronics were on the verge of profound mlacolm. They were educated and relatively young people at that point; therefore, they were better positioned to take advantage of the new trends. In particular, hiw should speak about recent technological developments affecting this field Gladwell For instance, it is possible to refer to those innovations that could make the production of hardware and software more cost-effective. However, it is possible to consider many other areas. For instance, one can mention the activities of people working in the financial services industry. Scholars, who examine the history of various financial what causes delay in menstrual cycle, note that very often the successes or failures of such institutions are dependent on luck, intuition and guesswork, rather than a reliable method Taleb Apart from that, some maocolm discoveries can be caused by fortunate coincidence. For instance, one can mention the discovery of penicillin or X-rays Kantorovich Researchers, who made these breakthroughs, worked on different problems, and they did not suspect that their studies would have significant implications. Yet, at the same time, it is hladwell to mention those authors who worked for many years on a certain problem, but they did not make the final step leading to the important discovery. Summarry, the theory developed by Malcolm Gladwell does not consider such cases. The model introduced by the author cannot account for the impact of such coincidences on the career of an individual. In this case, one can speak about the intuition of a person, rather than the amount of training. This is one of the limitations that should be identified. These cases are smmary because they show that the discussion provided in the second chapter is not sufficient for explaining various stories of success. Furthermore, many people have specific stereotypes about the performance of people who made achievements in different areas. In particular, they assume that these people were able to make considerable success almost immediately. Moreover, many people believe that successful individuals can make significant achievements almost effortlessly. This is one of the myths that should be dispelled. The author is quite right in showing that this stereotype is not justified. To some degree, the writer urges the readers to remember that practice and hard work play an essential role in the career of any person. Without them, an individual may never discover opportunities which smmary important for success. So, the arguments advanced by Malcolm Gladwell should be extended, but they should not be overlooked. Overall, the theory advanced by Malcolm Gladwell can be critiqued because it does not include a variety of factors that influence the professional outcomes of a person. In particular, one should speak about such influences as character traits, intelligence, the efficiency of learning activities, and so forth. Nevertheless, this author highlights a very important tendency that can be observed among many professionals. In particular, successful individuals tend to invest much more time and effort in practice which becomes an inseparable part of their daily lives. The author is able to demonstrate that only talent is not sufficient for making considerable progress in any area. It can be viewed as a vital starting point. This theory introduced by the author should be taken how to be a success by malcolm gladwell summary account because this assumption is supported by empirical data. Gladell are the main details that can be singled out. Gladwell, Malcolm. Kantorovich, Aaron. Stemberg, Robert. Taber, Keith. Maalcolm, Nassim. This paper was written and submitted to our database by a student to assist your with your own studies. You are free to use it to write your own assignment, however you must reference gladwlel properly. If you are the original creator of this paper and no longer wish to have it published on StudyCorgi, request the removal. StudyCorgi Sociology. Introduction In the second chapter of his book Outliers: The Story of Success gladwelk, Malcolm Gladwell discusses the prerequisites, which are important for reaching success in various professional areas. Learn More. We will write maocolm custom essays specifically for you! The Labour Movement's Drivers and Barriers. Ethical Approaches in Career How to get rid of old tv sets nz. Cite this paper Select style. Reference StudyCorgi. Bibliography StudyCorgi. References StudyCorgi. Copy to how to be a success by malcolm gladwell summary. Stuck with your assignment? Do you need an essay to be done? How many what causes the roof of your mouth to peel words do you need? Let's see if we can help you! Yes Other assignment. The examples offered by Malcolm Gladwell Great success requires an enormous amount of practice, a point that Gladwell famously backed up by showing that highly successful people often spent ten thousand hours or more practicing. Even if one is born with some innate talent, without the financial resources, spare time, and support system that make thousands of hours of practice possible, success may still be out of reach. Pathos In Outliers Malcolm Gladwell. Words5 Pages. Think of success like watching a tree grow the branches split into different paths one can take each split is another opportunity to prosper and grow beautiful leaves like trophies. An uncommon belief is that the process of becoming successful is like a tree branch, if one starts off strong, more paths appear growing from the sturdy branch, and achieving . There Are No Shortcuts To Achieving Mastery Over Something. Success is a function of persistence and doggedness and the willingness to work hard for 22 minutes to make sense of something that most people would give up on after 30 seconds. ~Malcolm Gladwell. Success follows when mastery is . Want to get the main points of Outliers in 20 minutes or less? Read a quick 1-Page Summary, a Full Summary, or watch video summaries curated by our expert team. Malcolm Gladwell in his book Outliers: The Story of Success, argues that success is not the result of just one factor. Outliers is a book about successful people and why they are so good at what they do. It starts by talking about the town of Roseto, Pennsylvania, which has very few health problems compared to other towns nearby. Then it talks about how arbitrary factors can determine success in life. The discussion in this section deals with cultural, social and psychological roots of family feuds, airplane crashes and mathematical aptitude. Gladwell uses the final section of his book Outliers to demonstrate how culture and chance influence our lives. He does this by telling a story about himself, his mother, and his grandmother. He uses various case studies to support his thesis that people are successful because they work hard and have talent, not just because of their innate gifts. He argues that achievement in sports is not just the result of talent or hard work alone, but rather a combination of factors like age and size. For instance, he says that athletes born after a certain cut-off date have an advantage because they are older and bigger than their peers. They also receive more attention as kids, which can affect their chances of achieving success in sports later on. These arbitrary factors can greatly influence the life trajectories of children from early on in life. The author also argues that to succeed, people must have the right social skills. They need to be able to make friends and network with other successful people. He backs up his argument by saying that even geniuses like Mozart needed a certain amount of practice before they succeeded in their fields. He argues that we should acknowledge this reality in order to address achievement gaps among students from different communities, who are less likely to be successful than others. When we look at outliers or stories of success, when we dig deeply enough into those stories, we often find an abundance of opportunities available to them since they were born. If more children had those same opportunities, many more success stories would result. The Outliers introduction tells the story of a small Pennsylvania town called Roseto in the late s. It was one of the healthiest towns ever studied, despite its poor diet and lack of exercise. Gladwell concludes by saying he wants to take us beyond our understanding of success by looking at individual factors like talent and intelligence, as well as cultural ones like family and community support. Malcolm Gladwell begins the chapter with a description of how hockey players succeed in Canada. A young boy is talented, gets scouted, and works hard to become one of the best hockey players in Canada. He succeeds because he has talent and works hard—nothing else matters. However, Gladwell then asks us: is this really true? Gladwell starts off by introducing a general thesis, which is the argument of his book. Gladwell points out that a psychologist looked at the roster of an elite Canadian youth hockey team and noticed that most players were born in January, February or March. He then goes on to describe how this same pattern was found throughout other teams as well. Gladwell then recounts the championship game of a major hockey tournament using only birthdays instead of names. In doing so, he makes it clear just how many people are born in January, February or March versus October through December. Gladwell explains that cutoff dates for youth sports leagues create a disparity between the players who are almost eleven and those who just turned ten. Those older, bigger kids have an advantage over younger ones. They get better coaching, more practice time and opportunities to play with other good players—all of which makes them even better than they were before. This trend is seen in baseball in the US as well as soccer throughout Europe; all of these sports feature older kids on their most elite teams. Economists have recently found that students born in different months perform differently on standardized tests, and those differences persist throughout their academic careers. Younger students are seen as less mature and not given the same opportunities to train or succeed as older students. In professional sports, for example, there are no players born in July, October, November or December. Gladwell says that we should be thinking of ways to improve the lives of children. He thinks schools should do a better job of helping students who are born in certain months succeed by not letting them compete with older students. The same could be done for athletics, until such time as it is no longer an advantage or disadvantage based on age. Like this summary? Have too much to read? You'll love my book summary product Shortform. Even better, it helps you remember what you read, so you can make your life better. What's special about Shortform:. Sound like what you've been looking for? Sign up for a 5-day free trial here. Eventually, Joy went to UC Berkeley and stunned his examiners with his intelligence and capability. He then worked on rewriting UNIX, a popular operating system, which is still used today. His next rewrite was Java, another computer language that he made even better than before. This applies even for prodigies like Mozart who composed his first masterpiece at age 21 after having been composing concertos for ten years by this time. The argument against the primacy of talent is important because without opportunity and support from family and friends, one cannot become an expert in a field. Bill Joy had no interest in computers when he attended the University of Michigan. He was never even interested in coding until he started attending Berkeley, where there was a lot of free computer time. By his second year at Berkeley, Joy spent 10, hours programming on the system. Malcolm Gladwell poses the question whether the ten thousand hour rule applies across cultures and disciplines. They also practiced with a similar intensity as professional athletes or musicians who have reached world-class status. The Beatles were invited to play in Hamburg, Germany. A club owner saw the band perform there and asked them to come back whenever they wanted because he liked their music so much. When they began having major success in , they had performed live about twelve hundred times more than most bands today ever do. Malcolm Gladwell talks about Bill Gates. However, there are other factors at play in his success—Bill Gates had a private high school education with access to computers, which not many colleges offered in Bill Gates was lucky to have been born in a time when computers were becoming popular. He was also fortunate enough to get an internship with a tech company and even go on leave from school, which allowed him to focus on his programming skills. Gladwell thinks that by the time Bill started his own software company after dropping out of Harvard , he had spent 10, hours practicing at programming and other things related to computers. Gladwell makes the point that timing is an important factor in success. The author begins the third chapter by telling us about Chris Langan. He has been invited onto game shows and even had a documentary made about him. When he was young, he spoke with such fluency and confidence that his intelligence was obvious to everyone who met him. Malcolm Gladwell turns his attention to a Stanford psychology professor named Lewis Terman. He was interested in IQ testing and wanted to identify young geniuses with an IQ of or above. These kids would be called the Termites, and this study would become famous for its use of intelligence testing. Terman, a psychologist, believed that intelligence is the key to success. He hypothesized that if you nurture intelligent children in their early years they will become successful adults and contribute greatly to society. This hypothesis has shaped education policy for decades with special programs for gifted students and standardized tests used by universities and major companies when choosing from among many qualified applicants. We often think of geniuses as being outlier, people who are born with extraordinary talents and skills. Furthermore, Terman was wrong about his Termites geniuses , and he was also wrong about success only coming for those who have a high intelligence score. Once someone has an IQ of or more, the direct correlation between IQ and success disappears. Creativity involves coming up with many solutions for a problem, rather than just one right answer. Creative people might be more likely to have these kinds of dreams because their minds are always working on finding new solutions to problems during the day. Terman was wrong in thinking that his child geniuses would be successful. Most led normal middle-class lives and none became famous for anything. In fact, two children he had rejected because their IQs were too low went on to win Nobel prizes later on. This chapter delves more deeply into the life of Chris Langan. He was born in a poor family, and his father drank a lot and was not around much. However, he had great intelligence, so he got to go to Reed University on scholarship. Then his mother failed to fill out financial aid forms correctly, so Chris lost his scholarship and dropped out of school for a while before going back to Montana State University MSU. He was captured and sent to live in prison, but he eventually escaped with the help of his mother. When Langan was young, he excelled at math and science. He went to Harvard for college, where one of his professors forced him into experimental physics instead of theoretical physics because it would be more difficult for him. This made Langan angry, so much so that he tried to poison this professor by mixing chemicals from the lab together in a coffee cup when no one else was around. The university found out about what happened with the poisoning attempt and put him on probation for two years before allowing him back into school again. Later in life though—even though he still had many problems working with equipment—he became famous for solving mathematical equations that other scientists were unable to solve using supercomputers a computer designed specifically for performing complex calculations. Oppenheimer and Langan were both kicked out of school for different reasons. Oppenheimer was put on probation for trying to poison his tutor, while Langan was kicked out for forgetting to file a form. Sociologists have found that there are only two major differences in parenting styles. The first is class, and the second is race.