What was world war two

what was world war two

10 facts about World War 2

Mar 14,  · World War II, also called Second World War, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years – The principal belligerents were the Axis powers — Germany, Italy, and Japan —and the Allies— France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser extent, China. World War II was a global war that lasted from to Rising to power in an unstable Germany, Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist (Nazi Party) rearmed the nation and signed treaties.

This is a list of battleships of the Second World War. All displacements are at standard load, in metric tonnes, so as to avoid confusion over their relative displacements.

Ideally displacements will be as they were at either the end of the war, or when what was world war two ship was sunk. The battleship was a capital ship built in the first half of the 20th century. At the outbreak of war, large fleets of battleships—many inherited from the dreadnought era decades before—were considered one of the decisive forces in naval warfare. There were two engagements between battleships in the Pacific theatre and three in the Atlantic theatre. Battleships were the most heavily protected ships afloat, nonetheless sixteen were sunk or crippled by bombs or torpedoes delivered by aircraft, while three more were sunk by submarine-launched torpedoes.

Guided bombs developed during the war made it much easier for aircraft to sink battleships. By the end of the war, battleship construction was all but halted, and almost every existing battleship was retired or scrapped within a few years of its end. The Second World War saw the end of the battleship as the dominant force in the world's navies. The List of ships of World War II contains major military vessels of the war, arranged alphabetically and by type. The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony re-occupation, troop and prisoner repatriation, to the end of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Wikipedia list article. Naval Vessel Register. How to check in jet airways from the original on 30 June The National Archives. Retrieved 29 March Archived from the original on 18 January Retrieved 21 April Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

Hidden categories: CS1 maint: discouraged parameter Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Use dmy dates from July Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. United States Navy. South Dakota. Almirante Latorre. Chilean Navy. Andrea Doria. Regia Marina. Royal Navy.

King George V. Queen Elizabeth. French Navy. Caio Duilio. Conte di Cavour. Imperial Japanese Navy. Giulio Cesare. Ceded to Soviet Unionrenamed Novorossiysk ,sunk by abandoned mine. New Mexico. Iron Duke. Jean Bart. Soviet Navy. Minas Geraes. Brazilian Navy. Argentine Navy. North Carolina. Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya. What was world war two Navy Royal Navy. Parizskaya Kommuna. Prince of Wales. Royal Sovereign.

Royal Navy Soviet Navy. Vittorio Veneto. West Virginia.

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World War II World War II was the biggest and deadliest war in history, involving more than 30 countries. Sparked by the Nazi invasion of Poland, the war dragged on for six bloody years until. Aug 30,  · During World War II, women played a significant role in the war effort. They took jobs in "defense plants and volunteered for war-related organizations, in . Aug 15,  · Women in the Work Force during World War II Background: Women have always worked outside the home but never before in the numbers or with the same impact as they did in World War II. Prior to the war, most of the women that did work were from the lower working classes and many of these were minorities. There were a variety of attitudes towards women in the work force.

Photos: World War II in pictures. Hide Caption. When France came under occupation less than a year later, Britain was the only remaining Western European nation fighting the Third Reich, and the United States had not yet entered the war. Japan signed the Tripartite Pact in , formally allying with Germany and Italy, and by most of the Asian Pacific Rim had come under its domination.

German soldiers on the Esplanade du Trocadero view the Eiffel Tower. British Hawker Hurricanes fly in formation during the Battle of Britain in The planes were a first line of defense against German bombers attacking England. The battle, fought between July 10 and October 31, , was the first major battle to be won in the air.

Smoke rises behind Tower Bridge during the first mass daylight bombing of London on September 7, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, left, with Hitler, center, and other leading Nazis, visits Germany during the war.

Italy and Germany formed an alliance before the outbreak of war, but Italy remained a non-belligerent until June 10, , when it declared war on Britain and France. Fighting spread to Greece and North Africa. German tanks and infantry attack Soviet positions on the Eastern Front. Though the estimates vary greatly, Russia suffered the most war casualties of any nation in World War II -- as many as Estimates of civilian deaths from military action, crimes against humanity, starvation and disease are as high as 9 million.

A view of U. The attack destroyed more than half the fleet of aircraft and damaged or destroyed eight battleships. Japan also attacked Clark and Iba airfields in the Philippines, destroying more than half the U. Army's aircraft there. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the declaration of war against Japan on December 8, British prisoners of war leave Hong Kong for a Japanese prison camp in December Anti-aircraft fire glows over Algiers during a night raid on November 23, Black smoke rises from demolished buildings after Japanese air forces attacked the U.

The four-day battle became a major victory for the U. Navy, which sunk four Japanese aircraft carriers, and it marked a turning point in the war in the Pacific. During World War II, women played a significant role in the war effort. They took jobs in "defense plants and volunteered for war-related organizations, in addition to managing their households," according to the World War II museum in New Orleans.

Soviet soldiers advance against the German army during the Battle of Stalingrad. The battle for the city on the Volga River present-day Volgograd was a major defeat for Germany and a turning point in the war.

The battle lasted more than five months, ending in February , at the cost of at least , German soldiers killed or captured. However, even conservative estimates of Russian casualties are much higher.

German prisoners captured at the beachhead of Anzio, Italy, leave a landing craft on their way to a prison camp in The amphibious landing and ensuing battle helped Allied forces break a months-long stalemate south of Rome and ultimately defeat the Germans in Italy. French refugees live in a quarry near Fleury sur Orne. During the bombing in that area, 20, refugees lived in the quarries. The landing included more than 5, ships, 11, airplanes and , soldiers. More than 35, Allied troops were killed during the Normandy Campaign, which lasted till the end of August A crowd gathers to cheer Gen.

Charles de Gaulle at the Place de la Concorde on August 26, , a day after the liberation of Paris. Soldiers of an infantry division move into the mist over a snow-covered field near Krinkelter, Belgium, on December 20, , during the Battle of the Bulge, a surprise German counter-offensive against Allied forces as they closed in on German soil from the west.

It resulted in more combined U. Strategically located only miles from Tokyo, the Pacific island was essential to launching land-based bombers against Japan. It was the bloodiest battle in the history of the U.

Marine Corps, which suffered more than 27, casualties. Of some 18, Japanese soldiers defending the island, survived.

German prisoners captured at Friedrichsfeld march through a town in Germany after the crossing of the Rhine River by the U. Prisoners line block 61 of Buchenwald concentration camp in April The construction of Buchenwald started July 15, , and the camp was liberated by U.

George Patton's troops on April 11, Between , and , people were imprisoned in the camp. About 56, died, including 11, Jews. Roosevelt's funeral procession goes down Connecticut Avenue on its way to the White House. Harry S. Truman takes the oath of office on April 12, , as he becomes the 33rd president of the United States.

Standing beside him are his wife, Bess, and daughter Margaret. The bodies of Benito Mussolini, left, and his mistress, Clara Petacci, second from left, hang from the roof of a gasoline station after they were shot by anti-Fascist forces while attempting to escape to Switzerland on April 28, Russian soldiers wave their flag, made from tablecloths, over the ruins of the Reichstag in Berlin on April 30, That day, as the Soviets were within blocks of his bunker at the Reich Chancellery, Adolf Hitler committed suicide.

The war in Europe was officially over. Soldiers rush an injured U. Marine from a battlefield during the Battle of Okinawa in June The battle, the bloodiest of the war in the Pacific, raged for nearly three months and heightened U. A photograph on display at the Bradbury Science Museum shows the first instant of the first atomic bomb test, on July 16, , at a.

The Potsdam Declaration, announced 10 days later, called for Japan's unconditional surrender, threatening "prompt and utter destruction. Paul W. Tibbets Jr. The atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, that day killed an estimated , people. A patient suffering severe radiation burns lies in the Hiroshima Red Cross hospital in August Many of those who survived the initial blast on August 6 died of severe radiation-related injuries and illnesses.

A dense column of smoke rises more than 60, feet into the air over Nagasaki, the result of an atomic bomb dropped on August 9, An estimated 60, to 70, were killed in the Nagasaki blast. Six days later, a little after noon local time on August 15, Emperor Hirohito's announcement that Japan had accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration was broadcast on radio.

Japan had surrendered. A jubilant American sailor kisses a nurse in New York's Times Square on August 14, , as he celebrates the news that Japan has surrendered. Because of the time difference between the two nations, the surrender occurred August 15 in Japan. Overseeing the surrender is U. Douglas McArthur right, back to camera.

Causes of World War II. Germany, Austria and the other countries on the losing side of the war were especially unhappy with the Paris Agreement, which required them to give up arms and make reparations. Germany agreed to sign the Treaty of Versailles only after the victorious countries threatened to invade if Germany did not sign it.

Germany made the last payment on reparations in Economic Issues - World War I was devastating to countries' economies. Although the European economy had stabilized by the s, the Great Depression in the United States led to economic downfall in Europe. Communism and fascism gained strength in the wake of economic problems. Nationalism - An extreme form of patriotism that grew in Europe became even stronger after World War I, especially for countries that were defeated. Read More. Dictatorships - Political unrest and unfavorable economic conditions lead to the rise of dictatorships in countries such as Germany, Italy, Japan and the Soviet Union.

Failure of Appeasement - Czechoslovakia had become an independent nation after World War I, but by , was surrounded by German territory.

Hitler wanted to annex the Sudetenland, an area in western Czechoslovakia where many Germans lived. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain wanted to appease Hitler and agreed to his demands for the Sudetenland after Hitler promised he would not demand more territory. Hitler seized the rest of Czechoslovakia in March of Axis Powers. Germany, Japan and Italy formed a coalition called the Axis Powers.

Allied Powers. Between and at least 50 nations would eventually fight together. US Troop Statistics. US Deaths. Other Military Casualties by Country selected.

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